Note: Karan Tool
provides speed and feed charts for download on this
site.
Click on the following to download the
charts in Adobe PDF format:

MACHINING FORMULAS 

SFM = 0.262 x D x RPM RPM = (3.82 x SFM) / D IPR = IPM / RPM or CHIP LOAD x
F IPM = RPM. x IPR CHIP
LOAD = IPM /
(RPM x F) or IPR /
F  
TERMS
 Flutes (F)  Number of flutes
 Diameter (D)  Diameter of
cutter
 Chip load  The amount of material removed
by each flute of the cutter.
 Feed Rate or Feed per tooth  The inches per minute of
workpiece movement toward the cutter between each
tooth
 Inches Per Minute (IPM)
 Number of linear inches the
cutter passes through the workpiece in one minute
 Depth of Cut (DOC)  The depth of cut of the
end mill into the part surface axially. With CNC milling, it
is measured in the Z axis direction.
 Inches Per Revolution (IPR)  Feed rate of the cutter
for each revolution of the cutter. In the inch system,
the feed rate of the cutter can be calculated for each
revolution of the cutter.
 I.P.R. = Chip load x
Number of flutes
 Millimeters Per Revolution (MMPR)  Feed rate of the cutter
each revolution of the cutter. In the metric system, the
feed rate of the cutter can be calculated for each
revolution of the cutter.
 M.M.P.R. = Chip load x
Number of flutes
 Meters Per Minute (MPM)  The cutting speed of the
end mill. This system is used in all countries that use the
Metric system. MPM represents the rate of the surface
of the cutter passes over the surface of the part. Cutting
speed is measured in Meters per minute.
 Revolutions Per Minute (RPM)  The spindle speed rate of
the cutter. This value will be calculated from a selected
SFPM or MPM.
 Surface Feet Per Minute (SFPM)  The is the cutting speed
of the end mill in the United States. It is the number of
feet per minute that a given point on the circumference of a
cutter travels per minute.
SELECTING SPEED AND FEED RATES AND THE DEPTH OF CUT
The following items must be selected by the machinist / programmer when using end mills.
 SFPM  cutting surface speed
 Chip Load  material removal rate
 Depth of Cut  depends on specific part
applications requirements
 Considerations  cutting depth never to exceed
flute length
Excessive depth of cut will result in tool deflection. As required, the depth of cut increases use the largest diameter cutter available to maintain a depth to diameter ratio of 1 : 1.
 Width of Cut  (maximum amount should not
exceed 2/3 x Cutter diameter)
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